The world's first woman admiral, ARTEMISIA I was born in Bodrum!
The Battle of Salamis was a maritime combat involving the union of Greek city states and Persians took place in the bay of Salamis a little island near Athens during 480 BC.
Artemisia I is best remembered as the world’s first Woman admiral for her participation in the Battle of Salamis.
According to Herodotus, Artemisia I was the daughter of Lygdamis. Her father was a Halicarnassian and her mother was Cretan.
Ionia was the given name to a subdivision of the western seaboard of Asia Minor, bordering the Aegean Sea. During that time, the Persians were the masters of Ionia and Xerxes I was the king of Persia.
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An artistic depiction of Artemisia I
The daughter of Lygdamis, Artemisia I, following to the decease of her husband was put into power as the Tyrant (one possessing absolute power) of Ionia. The capital city of Ionia at that time was Bodrum - Ancient city of Halicarnassus.
Artemisia headed a fleet of five ships in Battle of Salamis. Herodotus awards her as an extraordinary woman and the most conniving of Xerxes' commanding officers. Artemisia counseled the Persian king Xerxes I not to meet the Greeks at sea to do battle. He praised her, but refused to follow.
Nevertheless, she took part in the Battle of Salamis in as a Persian ally commanding her little fleet.
Throughout the combat Artemisia’s ship instead of escaping away from the enemy crashed into an allied ship. By the act the Greeks believed that she had defected to them. Later on she has managed to escape to the Persians.
King Xerxes I observing the combat from the seashore noted that this was an exceptional act of courage and continued by saying she had struggled "like a man" whereas the other commanders of his navy were "like women."
This battle was a big defeat for Xerxes I. All the commanding officers of Xerxes were asking him to stay and continue to the fight against Greeks. But Artemisia persuaded Xerxes to draw back to the home lands. After the defeat Xerxes asked Artemisia I to go to the Ephesus to take care of his sons.