One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World the Mausoleum is in Bodrum!
Halicarnassus was a little provincial kingdom on the coast of Aegean Sea. In 377 BC the King of the area, Hecatomnus of Milas, died and left the control of the kingdom to his son, Mausolus. Mausolus and his father were governors in the Persian Empire. Artemisia II of Caria was his sister and wife. After the death of his father, Mausolus extended their land as far as the southwest coast of Aegean Sea. Mausolus, together with wife Artemisia II ruled the region for twenty-four years. Later on Mausolus decided to build a novel capital city which needed to be safe and beautiful, which he called, the City of Halicarnassus.
Artemisia and Mausolus exhausted huge amounts of levy money to construct the city with custom - made statues, temples and buildings of marble. Artemisia II always desired to build a tomb, a final resting place for the bodies of herself and her husband after their death. It would be something that showed how wealthy they were.
In 353 BC Mausolus passed away. In memory of her husband, Artemisia II was keen on building him the best stone grave, a construction so famed that, Mausolus’s name will be the eponym for all the stately graves, in the word mausoleum.
Mausoleum was build between 353 and 350 BC. Construction was designed by the Greek designers Satyros and Pythis. It is stands around 45 meters in tallness, and each of the four sides, was decorated with sculptural reliefs.
The completed construction was considered to be such an artistic achievement that identified it as one of his Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.